What is Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy?
It has been quite time since we wrote anything new regarding cardiac health. After our rewarded cardiac pacemaker procedure we have decided to focus today on cardiomyopathy (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy).
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a disease of the heart muscle that does not necessarily affect the deterioration of one’s life and the course of the illness is individual. A number of people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy during the life of feeling certain hypertrophic cardiomyopathy symptoms and due to the development and worsening of symptoms, there is the possibility of sudden death. The main characteristic of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a thickening of the heart muscle. Cardiac muscle can be thickened in healthy individuals as a result of high pressure or extreme sports. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is the most common inherited disease. Microscopic examination of cardiac muscle cells we recognized the irregular arrangement of muscle cells and therefore the phenomenon known as myocardial confusion. The latest research shows that if a family member has these diseases, the possibility that its descendant has it, is the 50%. Illness does not skip generations, and is transmitted equally to males and females. According to recent studies it was shown that hypertrophic cardiomyopathy disease is more common than previously thought. According to the research of Dr. Maron in 1995th estimation is that the 1 in 500 or 1 in 1,000 people is affected by hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is seen in the thickening of the entire ventricle (ventricle) or part of it. Normal left ventricular septum dimensions are 0.8-1.2 in contrast to the increased amount from 1.3-6.0 cm. Thickening usually occurs in childhood or early adolescence, although there are reported cases of detecting it at a later age.
According to the thickening of ventricular there are four types of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy:
- Concentric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM)
- Nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM)
If the septum is much thickened during movement of blood from the left atrium (prechamber) in ventricular (ventricle), mistral valve touches the septum and the matter in the normal blood flow causing turbulent blood flow and the phenomenon called obstruction. This blood flow is accompanying auditory phenomenon called murmur stethoscope that can hear. Position of the mitral valve in this case causes the return of blood that is leaking blood. At HOCM also features a special phenomenon called SAM or systolic mistral valve motion background.
Nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)
The most common form of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy also known under the names of HCM (hypertrophic cardiomyopathy) and IHSS (idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis) where the thickening occurs in the upper part of the septum (wall) between the left and right parts of the. The mitral valve then remains in its usual place, so there is no phenomenon called obstruction.
Concentric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Symmetric or concentric hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is manifested in the thickening around ventricle, usually the left. Due to recent research it was noted that this type of cardiomyopathy occurs more frequently in Asia, especially in Japan.
Apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
Thickening occurs at apex of the heart, i.e. the very top of the heart and it usually affects the left side of the heart.
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Symptoms:
Wheezing – Dyspnea
Dyspnea is manifested as a lack of oxygen during respiration, more correctly as the inability to breathe enough or your breath shortness. It mostly occurs during exertion or less physical activity with fatigue.
The chest pain can occur during activities as well as at rest and during sleep. It may be short-lived and can be dull and long. It happens due to lack of oxygen to the heart which needs it t work properly. Chest pain is most commonly sign of a heart attack risk.
Unexplained fatigue may also be a symptom of nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, because the heart is constantly strains to be pump blood, which can result in increased need for a good night sleep.
In healthy hearts sometimes heart beats irregularly, but sometimes with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy it is typical. What you feel like skipping the heart may be an early, extra or skipped beats. They can occur suddenly without any external cause, additional hypertrophic cardiomyopathy symptoms and suddenly stop. In addition, they can be caused by fatigue, insomnia, stress, large amounts of protein (coffee, tea, coca-cola) or alcohol. Irregular heart rate can be isolated and can occur with other symptoms such as sudden sweating and dizziness.
Dizziness and fainting
Episodes of vertigo can occur during exertion, physical activity or at rest. They occur as a result of irregular heartbeat, drop in blood pressure or lack of oxygen to the brain. Episodes of dizziness, loss of feeling the ground unde feet, breathing hard, cold sweat with no loss of consciousness are called syncope. U case you experience something like this it is necessary to seek medical help at once!
Sweating is usually in people suffering from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is connected to the irregular heartbeat that. This kind of sweating is usually in the form of so-called cold sweat, which is besides tachyarrhythmia associated with dizziness which indicates that the heart failed to pump enough blood to the brain.
If the above mentioned hypertrophic cardiomyopathy symptoms occur it is very important to contact your cardiologist, or at least your doctor. It is very important to be very firm with this because hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is very dangerous condition. In next articles we will not change our topic (cardiomyopathy), and will try educate and help all readers here. Dilated cardiomyopathy and restrictive cardiomyopathy are the next. Please continue to support us and if you have any requests or questions regarding cardiac health or anything that concerns health you can write to our email – firstname.lastname@example.org.
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