The first time we mentioned oligomenorrhea definition was in our article about Vitex Agnus-Castus. In most cases, normal menstrual cycle in women is 28 days, although the length of it can vary by 5 days. Oligomenorrhea represents a state of aberrant cycles of menstrual bleeding when menstrual bleeding occurs in more than 35 days. Thus, an irregular periods is a short definition of oligomenorrhea. In some cases we can say that oligomenorrhea is opposite from polymenorrhea definition.
Statistical data on the number of women with oligomenorrhea are not available, but the data suggest that there is a slight increase in what relates to all the stressful lifestyle and hormonal status disorders.
What Causes Oligomenorrhea – Irregular Periods and Symproms?
With most of the women, oligomenorrhea cause is a disturbed ovarian function which may be the result of stress (often at the present time with regard to the tempo of life), hyperprolactinemia (increased levels of the hormone prolactin. Which normally increases during pregnancy, but it can be increased presence of prolactinomas-pituitary tumors and other conditions), increased levels of male sex hormones, for any reason, with ovarian cancer, thyroid gland, adrenal gland, and so on…
Oligomenorrhea is often seen in poly-cystic ovary syndrome (Stein-Leventhal syndrome) and then referred to as primary oligomenorrhea, and if it is after a period of regular menstrual cycles, then is called the secondary oligomenorrhea. Secondary oligomenorrhea, which occurs after a shorter or longer period of regular menstrual cycles, is still 70% of the disorder.
Oligomenorrhea symptoms are:
- in most women there are no symptoms, but only disorder of the cycle is evident
- in the number of women, there may be something more to the symptoms of pain when menstrual bleeding occurs
- sometimes oligomenorrhea may precede to amenorrhea (complete cessation of menstruation), especially during perimenopause
Usually, there are no symptoms of oligomenorrhea other than menstrual bleeding, which are rare and occur at intervals between 33 days and 6 months.
What is Oligomenorrhea Treatment?
The oligomenorrhea treatment is best only when there is a desire for pregnancy. In such cases, ovulation is stimulated with the regulation of other hormonal variations found in the basal hormonal status. If there is no desire for pregnancy, definitely recommended is cycle regulation due to adverse long-term effect of estrogen on the breast and endometrium.
In this case, doctors apply two methods: progestin substitution during the second phase of the cycle when the from 16th to 25th day of the cycle is applied progestin preparation for 3 – 6 months. Another option, if there is a desire to protect from unwanted pregnancies is the application of Low-dose oral contraceptives. Because of the large impact of stress on the development of oligomenorrhea, psychotherapy is highly recommended. The best natural treatment for oligomenorrhea Vitex Agnus Castus.