What is Macular Pucker, Epiretinal Membrane?

macular puckerEpiretinal membrane disease is a disease of the eye that occurs in response to changes in the eye vitreous or less, in diabetes. The disease is known as macular pucker. So epiretinal membrane disease or macular pucker is the same disease. Sometimes, as a result of the immune response to protect the retina, macular cells gradually closer.

These cells may gradually form a transparent layer and, like all the scar tissue to contract and lead to bulging and folding the macula (macular pucker), or even cause swelling of the macula – macular edema. These changes result in visual disturbances, which manifest themselves bowing and blurring when watching from a regular grid patterns that are used for testing macular area, namely the central 10 degrees retina.

Usually these changes initially affect only one eye so that the distortion of vision may result in seeing two pictures. Because of distortion of the vision it can happen that your eye underestimate the size of certain objects, usually making them bigger, especially in the central part of the visual field, where it creates a localized field which cannot be corrected by optical aids. However, partial correction can often improve binocular vision.

In people younger than 50 years, these cells are sometimes much decomposed, but in the majority of patients (older than 60 years) this state is invariant. Cells, cones and sticks, which are located below epiretinal membrane, are usually not affected unless the membrane does not become much thicker and stiffer, so macular degeneration is not usually found in these patients.

Macular Pucker Surgery, Macular Pucker Surgery Recovery

Surgeons can remove or denucleate membrane through the sclera and improve vision by 2 or more Snellen lines. Usually the vitreous is replaced at the same time with clear liquid. Surgery of macular pucker is usually not recommended unless the disturbances and distortion of vision are so severe that they affect the normal life, since there may be common surgical complications such as infection and possible retinal detachment.

Somewhat more common complication is an increased intraocular pressure, bleeding in the eye and cataracts, which is actually the most common complication. Many patients will develop cataracts within a few years after surgery. In fact, sometimes the visual distortion and double vision caused by cataract can be replaced with epiretinal membranes.

There are no evidences that the disease can be prevented because it is a natural response to changes in the vitreous that can happen to everyone during aging. This ocular pathology (macular pucker treatment) was first described by Iwanoff in 1865th year, and has been shown to occur in 7% of the population.

More common it occurs in the elderly population, where studies show that the remains are present in 2% of the population older than 50 years and 20% of the population older than 70 years. Both sexes seem to be equally affected. This article about macular pucker is just one in a row of eye diseases articles we wrote in the latest period. If you found it helpful, perhaps you would like to know more about pars plana vitrectomy and eye floaters.

http://feelgoodtime.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/macular-pucker.jpghttp://feelgoodtime.net/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/macular-pucker-274x135.jpgAndrea MarkelBody Healthdoes-macular-pucker-cause-increased-intraoccular-pressure,epiretinal-membrane-natural-treatment,macular pucker,macular-pucker-aids,macular-pucker-surgery-recovery-time,macular-pucker-vision-correctionWhat is Macular Pucker, Epiretinal Membrane? Epiretinal membrane disease is a disease of the eye that occurs in response to changes in the eye vitreous or less, in diabetes. The disease is known as macular pucker. So epiretinal membrane disease or macular pucker is the same disease. Sometimes, as a...Your Daily Medicine And Healthy Pregnancy